- Endocrine Diseases

All About Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is characterized as a metabolic disease that results in high blood sugar like what happened to the famous Suzan Boyle. You can read more here if you are interested in her story. Normally, the hormone insulin is responsible for the transportation of sugar from the blood towards the cells to be stored and utilized for energy.

When you have diabetes, it’s either your body is unable to produce sufficient insulin or incapable to effectively utilize the insulin it creates. When high blood sugar caused by diabetes remains untreated, it can jeopardize the kidneys, eyes, nerves, and other body organs.

Here are various kinds of the condition that you can share with loved ones and family:

Type 1 – this is considered as an autoimmune disease. The immune system targets and damages the cells in the pancreas which produces insulin.
Type 2 diabetes – this happens when the body starts to become resistant to insulin and sugar accumulates in the blood. In some cases, the pancreas is also damaged and unable to create insulin-producing cells.
Prediabetes – this happens when the blood sugar levels are higher than the normal level. However, it’s not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes.
Gestational – this is high blood sugar that occurs during pregnancy. The main culprit for this type is the insulin-blocking hormones created by the placenta.

Every type of diabetes stems from different causes, has unique symptoms, and needs a distinct treatment program or cure.

General symptoms for diabetes include the following:
Weight loss
Increased hunger
Extreme fatigue
Frequent urination
Blurry vision
Sores that don’t heal

Diabetes symptoms in men:

Aside from the general symptoms of diabetes, men who developed diabetes might suffer from erectile dysfunction, reduced sex drive, and weak muscle strength.

Diabetes symptoms in women:

Women who have diabetes might experience yeast infections, urinary tract infections, and dry, itchy skin.

Type 1 diabetes symptoms:

  • Blurry vision
  • Increased thirst
  • Extreme hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Tiredness

Type 2 diabetes symptoms:

  • Increased thirst
  • Sores that are slow to heal
  • Increased urination
  • Tiredness
  • Blurry vision
  • Increased hunger
  • Recurring infections due to higher glucose levels

Gestational Diabetes Symptoms:

Patients who suffer from gestational diabetes don’t experience any symptoms. The complication is only determined via a seasonal blood sugar test or oral glucose tolerance test that is carried out between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. Uncommon cases show symptoms of increased urination or thirst among patients.

Is Diabetes curable?
Currently, a cure for diabetes doesn’t exist, however, it can undergo remission. When this happens, the patients don’t experience any symptoms of diabetes, even if the diseases are technically still latent. According to researchers, there are three types of remission, including:

Partial diabetes remission – when patients have blood glucose levels that are lower than those with diabetes and remains like that for about one year without the need to consume any medication.

Total diabetes remission – when the blood sugar levels of patients go back to normal for approximately one year without taking any medications.

Prolonged diabetes remission – when the full remission lasts for about 5 years.

Even though the patient has normal blood sugar levels for at least 20 years, the doctor will still suggest that their diabetes is just under remission and it isn’t cured. To achieve diabetes remission, one should make significant changes in their lifestyle, including having a consistent exercise routine and a healthy diet. Apart from this, type 1 diabetes treatments, as well as other types of diabetes are being developed by scientists and medical experts, and are undergoing clinical trials to test its effectiveness. Seeking medical advice from a qualified doctor will help you search for the best diabetes cure to put the disease into remission. People with type 1 and 2 diabetes need to understand that they are dealing with lifelong health conditions but the right diabetes cure options can aid them to live a healthy and active lifestyle.

Are there food that can cure diabetes?
Here are 9 foods that contain the right nutrients to treat diabetes type 1 and 2.

Fish with omega-3 fatty acids such as mackerel, sardines, herring, tuna, and salmon, offer a supply of protein to reduce the risk of heart disease. If you have type 1 diabetes or any type of diabetes, the recommended serving is 6-9 ounces of fish per week. People with type 1 or 2 diabetes should stay away from fried or breaded fish and opt for broiled, grilled, or baked fish.
Fat-free milk and yogurt wards off fat while giving a sufficient supply of calcium and vitamin D.
Dark, green leafy vegetables, such as kale, collards, and spinach are notorious for being low in calories and carbohydrates, which means that people can consume them in great servicing without fullness and fat.
Whole grains give you a feeling of fullness without fat and provide nutrients. These include whole grain pasta, whole grain bread, and brown rice.
Blueberries have antioxidants that combat cell damage caused by free radicals. They are also fat-free.
Walnuts, almonds, and pecans are packed with unsaturated fats that can reduce levels of bad cholesterol.
Fruits with low-glycemic levels gradually digest to prevent blood sugar from surging. These include pears, mangoes, peaches, papayas, bananas, and apples.
Dark chocolate addresses your sweet cravings if you consume it in moderation. It could also decrease the risk of insulin resistance.
Green tea can potentially forestall the development of type 1 diabetes and helps normalize blood glucose levels of those with type 2.

How to treat diabetes permanently at home
Diabetes is both a lifestyle and genetic disease characterized by a high blood sugar level. Here are some effective natural home remedies to help you maintain normal sugar levels naturally.

Karela or Bitter Gourd

Bitter gourd or karela is packed in insulin-polypeptide-P that can lower down hyperglycemia or increased sugar levels. It also has two very important components known as Momordica and chain that is responsible for decreasing blood sugar.

Fenugreek

This key ingredient in the Indian kitchen offers plenty of benefits. Fenugreek helps keep diabetes at bay, enhances glucose tolerance, decreases blood sugar levels, and facilitates the secretion of glucose-dependent insulin.

Mango leaves

You can use fresh mango leaves as an efficient home remedy to control and cure diabetes.

Indian Gooseberry or Amla

Amla or Indian gooseberry is considered as one of the greatest suppliers of vitamin C. It also aids your pancreas to operate more efficiently so your sugar levels are always balanced.

Moringa or drumstick leaves

Moringa oleifera or drumstick leaves are popularly recognized for its exceptional capacity to stabilize blood sugar and improve one’s energy. The leaves also have nutrients that improve insulin secretion in the human body. Moreover, they are packed with anti-inflammatory and antioxidants properties. This is an inexpensive and easy to source cure for the condition. If you want to treat diabetes type 2, this will help. It is also safe to take the leaves as a tea or drink it without any medical advice.

Sunlight

Low levels of Vitamin D have been linked to insulin resistance that could lead to diabetes. According to researchers, vitamin D plays an essential role in supporting insulin-producing cells in the body. The lower your vitamin D levels, the higher risk you have in developing the condition, especially type 2 diabetes.

Water

Diabetic people are more prone to dehydration. To eliminate the glucose, the kidneys will attempt to transfer it to the urine, however, this needs water. This means that the higher your blood glucose levels, the greater the amount of fluids you should consume, which is why increased thirst is one of the major symptoms of diabetes.

What is the best cure for diabetes?

Controlling type 2 diabetes includes:

Daily exercise
Weight loss
Blood sugar monitoring
Healthy diet
Insulin therapy or diabetes medication

These preventive measures will maintain the normal level of your blood sugar, which impedes the progression of type 2 diabetes. Depending on the treatment plan you have, you might want to monitor your blood sugar level from time to time, but if you are taking insulin, clinical experts suggest doing so a few times per day.

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