Your doctor will perform a physical examination and inquire about your personal and family medical history. Your doctor’s suspicions determine the tests you’ll need to identify your heart illness. Tests to identify heart disease, in addition to blood tests and a chest X-ray, may include:
An EKG is a type of electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG). An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a painless and rapid examination that monitors the electrical impulses in your heart and can detect irregular cardiac rhythms. An ECG can be performed while at rest or while you’re active (stress electrocardiogram).
Holter monitoring is a method of keeping track of your heart rate. A Holter monitor is a portable ECG gadget that you wear for 24 to 72 hours to record your heart rhythm, and Holter monitoring detects cardiac rhythm issues that a standard ECG doesn’t see.
Echocardiogram. This noninvasive test utilizes sound waves to provide precise pictures of the anatomy of your heart, and it depicts how your heart pumps blood and beats.
A stress test was conducted. This test involves increasing your heart rate through exercise or medication while doing cardiac tests and imaging to see how your heart reacts.
Catheterization of the heart. During this examination, a small tube (sheath) is placed into a vein or artery in your leg (groyne) or arm. The sheath is then inserted using a hollow, flexible, and longer tube (guide catheter). Your doctor gently threads the catheter into the artery until it reaches your heart, using X-ray pictures on a monitor as a guide.
The pressures in your heart chambers can be monitored and dye injected during cardiac catheterization. The paint may be visible on an X-ray, which allows your doctor to check for issues by seeing how blood flows through your heart, arteries, and valves.
Computerized tomography (CT) scan of the heart. You recline on a table for a heart CT scan within a doughnut-shaped machine. The machine’s X-ray tube moves around your body, collecting pictures of your heart and chest.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the heart (MRI). A cardiac MRI creates comprehensive pictures of your heart using a magnetic field and computer-generated radio waves.