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In persons with type 2 diabetes, lifestyle choices may reduce the risk of dementia.

Dementia risk factors and symptoms

A disorder that affects a person’s memory thought, and reason capacity is called dementiaTrusted Source. It often worsens over time and can seriously impair a person’s ability to live independently and their daily activities.

Some dementia risk factors, like becoming older or having a family history, cannot be changed. To lower risk, people can alter other risk variables through trusted Sources. For instance, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, and smoking are all risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.

being a diabetic

Trusted Source, especially type two diabetes, increases the risk of dementia. People with diabetes can engage with their doctors to better their health and control their condition. The effects of healthy lifestyle changes on illnesses like diabetes and the chance of developing dementia are still being studied. ‚Äč

dementia, type 2 diabetes, and lifestyle factors

In the current study, researchers looked at the effects of seven healthy lifestyle choices on the risk of dementia. They investigated whether these behaviors benefited those with and without diabetes. These behaviors were:

  • not smoking at the moment
  • consuming alcohol in moderation
  • regular physical exercise
  • consuming a balanced diet
  • spending enough time in bed
  • less sedentary conduct
  • having regular social interactions

Researchers used the U.K. Biobank to collect data. Participants who were 60 years of age or older and free of dementia at the beginning of the trial were included. They purposefully did not collect data on persons with type one diabetes to concentrate on patients with type two diabetes.

Based on the seven behavioral characteristics mentioned above, researchers gave participants a score for leading a healthy lifestyle. These included a description of what the researchers considered healthy for each group. For instance, if a person engaged in “at least 150 minutes/week of moderate activity, 75 minutes/week of strenuous activity, or an equivalent combination,” they were considered physically active.

More than 160,000 people participated in the study, including more than 12,000 people with diabetes. The subjects were monitored by the researchers for an average of 12 years. They discovered that parameters related to a healthy lifestyle were linked to a lower risk of dementia. But among those with diabetes, this risk decrease was considerably more apparent.

Study limitations and future research needs

According to the study, adopting healthy lifestyle practices may reduce the incidence of dementia, especially in those with diabetes. The study did, however, have a few flaws.

First, since information on lifestyle choices was self-reported, there was a higher chance that data collection mistakes would occur. Second, the researchers gathered baseline data on lifestyle factors and changes in those factors. Participants’ pre-diabetic lifestyle characteristics were not recorded in the study’s data collection.

The researchers also highlighted that the participants with the lowest socioeconomic position and education were more likely to be those the researchers had to eliminate due to missing data, which could have affected the outcomes. Based on the data collection procedures, the research team noted that they might have incorrectly identified patients with diabetes or prediabetes as not having the disease.

Additionally, although several confounding factors, such as medication use, were considered, the authors acknowledged that there may still be unmeasured or unknown factors present. The study’s predominantly Caucasian participant population suggests that future research will need to be more varied.

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