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The facts about peptic ulcers

A peptic ulcer is a sore that develops when the lining of the digestive system becomes damaged by digestive juices. It can grow in the lining of the duodenum, lower esophagus, or stomach. Weight loss, nausea, and indigestion-like pain are some signs.

According to a study, there was at least one peptic ulcer in 8.09% of people worldwide in 2019, a 25% rise from 1990. According to the same survey, fewer occurrences have been documented in the US since the first half of the 20th century. Between 1990 and 2019, they started to rise once more.

The digestive tract can be affected in several places by a peptic ulcer. As a result, it goes by a variety of names, including

stomach ulcer from gastric disease

in the duodenum is a duodenal ulcer (the first part of the small intestine)

Infections with the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria and long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines are two possible causes of peptic ulcers.

Symptoms

Peptic ulcers may not show any symptoms at all, or they may produce minor discomfort. Others can feel a stomach ache that is both dull and searing.

Additional signs can include:

  • The Meal is tough to swallow
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • feeling full or bloated
  • sticky, dark stool (if bleeding)

Ulcers can result in severe symptoms, bleeding, and indications. These are symptoms of an ulcer that is bleeding:

Throwing up blood

  • Feces that are dark crimson or that are black and tarry
  • Nausea and vomiting that is particularly intense and continuous
  • How can NSAIDs contribute to ulcer development?

NSAIDs are a class of drugs frequently used for headaches, menstrual cramps, and other symptoms. They can also aid in lowering inflammation and fever. Ibuprofen and aspirin are two examples. Many NSAIDs are accessible over-the-counter.

They lessen the stomach’s capacity to produce a thick layer of mucus for protection. As a result, stomach acid has a more significant potential to harm Trusted Sources. NSAIDs may also hinder blood flow to the stomach, hindering the body’s capacity to repair cells.

Other root causes of stomach ulcers

Among the additional probable causes of peptic ulcers are:

Genetics: Many people with peptic ulcers have relatives who also have the condition, indicating that hereditary factors could be at play.

Smoking: Frequent smokers may be more likely than non-smokers to experience peptic ulcers, but it’s unknown how smoking affects them.

Alcohol consumption: Alcohol consumption can aggravate the stomach lining and raise acidity.

Use of corticosteroids: Studies have shown that those who use high or ongoing dosages of corticosteroids are also at higher risk.

One study indicated that psychological stress might increase the incidence of peptic ulcers in a way that cannot be explained by other factors like NSAID use or an H. pylori infection. Studies on the relationship between stress and an increased risk of ulcers are inconsistent.

Diet

A person undergoing therapy for gastric ulcers may find some relief through dietary adjustments.

Trusted Source foods and flavorings that could stimulate the production of stomach acids are to be avoided. Although it may differ for individuals, common causes include caffeinated beverages, garlic, black pepper, and chili powder.

Alcohol should also be avoided because it has a similar impact on the stomach.

A person’s diet should also include foods high in readily soluble fiber and vitamin A. These may consist of:

Where to find soluble fiber:

  • oats
  • apples
  • oranges
  • carrots
  • Phytonidyl husk
  • legumes
  • hemp seeds
  • nuts
  • barley

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